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Arch

A curvilinear structure resting on two points (pillars, columns etc…). It may have various shapes:
round (or centred), semi-circular, the most common one;
ogive (or ogival) arch consisting of two curves that intersect and form a cusp or acute angle at the top. Already known of during ancient times, this type of arch was used very frequently in Arabic and Gothic architecture;
rampant, with imposts on different levels: it balances the horizontal pushes of other arches, performing a counterthrust action;
other arches (blind, lobed, lowered, triumphal, horseshoe).

 


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Glossary V2.0