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Geopolitical value of Monreale and Sicily

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Home arrowApproach arrowGeopolitical value of Monreale and Sicily

The formation of the splendid Planet Earth, colonised by the human race over the last 30 thousand years, has seen the favouritism of the northern hemisphere, north of the equator.
If we compare it to other geopolitical areas, the Mediterranean Sea immediately appears as being particularly well prepared for a primary role in the history of Humanity. At least three emerging characteristics are noteworthy: - the great Nile river “clasps onto” almost half of the African continent, the cradle of the human family – the outlet into the Atlantic Ocean greatly increases the opportunity for intercontinental navigation – the internal maritime routes almost “clash” with our great island, Sicily. All great middle-eastern and western civilisations have had to recognise this territory’s evident role of primary importance in trade and cultural relations between populations and nations.
Within such a context we can understand the tendency of certain populations of North Western Europe to navigate southwards and settle in the primary zone of the Mediterranean, entering from the strait of Gibraltar. We are talking about the Normans, or “Men from the north” the constituent element for the social and ecclesiastical events of the 11th-13th centuries A.D., a period in which artistic masterpieces such as the cathedrals of Cefalù and Monreale come to light. Prior to this, examples of other extensive migrations over land are found with the military adventure of Hannibal (from Tunisia to Italy, passing through Spain and France) and, the opposite, with the territorial conquests by the Vandals.
Palermo, with Messina, Catania, Syracuse, Agrigento, Selinunte-Mozia-Trapani, became very important landing places for the island’s ancient and medieval history.
Recent modernity still awaits an innovative return to such geopolitical and socio-economic centrality.

The northwestern area of Sicily played a very significant role for Norman civilisation, with the ancient port of the pre-Roman city of Palermo at its core.
The surrounding territory offered a highly strategic plateau, chosen by William II, called the Good, to build the “royal Citadel”, a place of residence, defence, and dynastic exaltation with the positioning of the tombs of the Norman royal household.