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Terme Définition
Tabernacle

On a biblical level, the Latin term indicates “tent”, or in Greek, “skene” and it indicates God JHVH’s dwelling with his nomadic people who lived in tents. With settlement in Palestine, Silo and then Jerusalem and with the building of a stone “tent”, the term “tabernacle” evolved and came to mean the internal part of the temple, which is still decorated with rugs and with the great veil which distinguishes the area of the holy of holies from the area of the Saint.  During the western medieval era, the word “tabernacle” referred to a precious structure, in the form of a small temple, positioned on the altar, and in which the sacred Eucharist was housed.

 
Temple, tent

A sacred Jewish area, also called “the place” par excellence. The “shrine” is erected in the innermost section, it consists of two rooms, the Holy and the Holy of Holies. With the people settled in the Promised Land or Canaan, the Temple is built, first in Silo and then in Jerusalem – in stone or wood. During the era of nomadism in the Desert, reference should be made to the sacred area of the tent. In nomadic customs, the tent of JHVH accompanies the people in their frequent movements.

 
Theotokos eng.

In Greek Θεοτόκος - transliterated Theotókos; Latin Deipara, Dei genetrix. It is a title of Mary, mother of Jesus. It literally means she who gives birth to God and it is rendered in Italian as Mother of God. This title was given in 431 by the Council of Ephesus.  In the mind of the council, the aim of the affirmation was to underline the divinity of Jesus Christ. In fact, if Jesus is God – as was mentioned previously in the council of Ephesus – then Mary may be referred to as Mother of God. The title was given against the wishes of Nestorius, who preferred the title of Christotokos.  The feast day of Mary, Mother of God is celebrated by the Church on the 1st of January

 
Tile

A decorative element with small dimensions of various shapes and various materials with painted, sculptured or engraved representations, used to decorate portals, walls, ceilings, architraves etc...

 
Trabeation

A horizontal structure of the temple, consisting of the architraves, frieze and frame. In general it is the set of horizontal elements sustained by columns, pilasters and piers.

 
Transept

The transversal nave that intersects the longitudinal body of the church, which is the same height as it, giving the building the form of a cross. The transept may have several naves.

 
Triptych

A pictorial or sculptural polyptych consisting of three panels joined together.

 
Truss

A wooden architectural structure shaped like an isosceles triangle (casing), which is positioned as a form of support for the pitches of the sloping roof. It remains visible.

 
Tympanum

A triangular surface enclosed within the frame of the frontal and overlooking the trabeation.  It is often decorated with frescoes or sculptures with high-reliefs. It also indicates the upper frame of portals and windows.

 


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