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Terme Définition
Vault

The curved roof covering of an area or bay. According to the shape, the vault can be divided up into:  
- simple vaults:
a basin vault, consisting of a lowered dome resting on pendentives;
a barrel vault, consisting of a semi-cylindrical structure resting on two parallel walls;
a basin vault, that is shaped like a quarter sphere;
a dome vault, defined by the rotation of a curve around a vertical axis;
a ribbed vault, that is, with a hemispherical cap set on a polygonal area;
- composed vaults (deriving from the intersection of simple vaults);
a cross vault, deriving from the intersection of two barrel vaults;
a cloister vault or gore vault, set out on a polygonal setting;
and more.

 
Vault, cross

A vault consisting of the intersection of two barrel vaults at right angles.

 


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