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Altar

Its position often depended on the saint to whom the cathedral was dedicated: in fact, it was aligned with the point in which the sun rises on the day that the main liturgical mystery or feast-day of the saint of that site was celebrated. In early-Christian basilicas it is in front of the bishop’s throne, positioned in the middle of the main apse.  During the middle ages the altar was banked to make space for the “memorials” of martyrs and apostles kept in a crypt.

 


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