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Terme Définition
Façade

The most important front section of a building in which the main entrance is opened. In churches, a façade consisting of two slopes that follows the shape of the main nave is called a “gable facade”; a “salient façade” is one that follows the different heights of the naves. The façade assumes a symbolic significance as the most representative and immediately visible part.

 
Fondo oro eng.

A base consisting of gold foil which was stuck to the plaster covering the wooden panel by means of a reddish substance: bole clay. It was used to give a particular brightness to painted panels.

 
Fresco

A mural painting technique. A coarse plaster was spread over the wall and over this a thinner layer was then painted, on top of which an outline of the work of art was drawn in a single colour. Over this, a light layer was then painted, consisting of very fine sand and lime. The painter would then paint over this wet plaster using colours blended with water. Given the need to paint on fresh plaster, the portion of wall to be frescoed was prepared day by day. This technique required quick painting without any errors. Touch-ups were carried out when the paint had dried, using tempera colours.  This fresco painting obviously became very resistant.

 
FriezeThe intermediate section between the architrave and frame in classic trabeation. In general it indicates the ornamental element used to decorate frames and linear surfaces.
 


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