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There are 12 entries in the glossary.
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Terme Définition
Pilaster

A semi-pilaster or semi-column against a statue complete with a base and a capital, which is sometimes smooth and sometimes ornate, with a decorative function. (See pilaster strip).

 
Pilaster or columnAn architectonical element with a circular, quadrangular, polygonal, cruciform or clustered section, which acts as a support for arches, vaults or architraves.
 
Pilaster strip

A vertical support element, mostly shaped like a pilaster, with a base, a shaft and a capital, partially protruding and partially set into a wall: it may be used as a reinforcement to a wall or as a support element for an arch, a column, a beam or a window.

 
Pinnacle

An architectonical element shaped like a small tower with a cusp (a pyramidal or conical spire), positioned at the top of a building or a buttress.

 
Plan, cross

The cross plan of a building of worship is defined:
as a Greek cross, when the building has four wings of the same dimensions;
as a Latin cross when in a building one, three or five longitudinal naves are cut by one or more transversal naves (transept);
crux immissa, when the building has a T shape as the transept is at the end of the longitudinal nave.pluteus
A parallelepiped shaped balustrade made of wood, metal, stone or marble, in relief, inlay or mosaic, with symbolic motifs, which separates the presbytery in early-Christian and medieval churches.

 
Polyptych

A painting or relief made of three or more panels hinged to each other.

 
Porch

A building on the façade of a church that decorates, covers and underlines the portal. On one side it rests on the façade and it is supported on the other side by columns or pilasters, often resting on perched lions. Typical of Romanesque architecture.

 
Portal

A monumental entrance door to a civil or religious building with a significant architectonic value. In general it is positioned on the western side in order to allow the faithful to enter the church facing eastwards (from this comes the “oriented” feature of Romanesque churches).

 
Portico eng.

Part of a building, generally on the ground floor, with one side open with arcades or architraves, resting on columns or pilasters, with a decorative or shelter function.

 
Ppresbytery

The space around the alter reserved for the clergy for the religious functions: generally separated from the rest of the church by transennae or balustrades

 
Prothesis eng.

The cordoned off area of the Byzantine church, on the left of the “Sancta sanctorum” in which the sacred offerings are prepared for the Eucharist, that is, the bread and wine. See Diaconicum.

 
Pulpit eng.

A wooden, marble or stone structure generally polygonal in shape, destined for the preacher in churches. It may be independent or positioned on top of a column, outside of the presbytery.

 


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Glossary V2.0